Women are a more important element in our society. However, the story of the struggle of women to remain on an equal footing with their male counterparts is not very bright. From the suffrage movement of the 1980s to the present day, the struggle has continued in one form or another. Developed countries have improved their situation better while developing countries are still struggling. The inclusion of gender equality in its sustainable development goals by the United Nations reflects the need to improve the status of women around the world. The commitment shown by developing countries in this regard is commendable. However, those for whom the strategies, laws, and measures taken are developed must also understand the importance of their voice and their inclusion in the system in the same way as their male counterparts.
The first step to empower women and make women’s voices heard is to participate in politics. The importance of participating actively in the political process can be understood from the fact that it is only after being elected and after joining the legislature that they can make their voices heard and communicate complaints and problems. That woman in general face. Finally, to shape laws that also benefit women.
Five, reasons that prevent women from participating in politics:
1. Cultural barriers:
In most developing countries, the role of women is to be a mother, sister, and daughter. He should have taken care of the house. They are not allowed to choose the profession they want in the first place, even if they are allowed; The choice is limited for women.
2. Lack of education:
first, the level of education in these countries is not up to par. Educated women prefer to stay safe by joining professions such as teaching, etc. Second, most women do not have the necessary knowledge of the processes, and women do not even have the experience of contributing to important political issues for this reason. This further exacerbates their situation.
3. Institutional barriers:
include the processes, and procedures that hinder the survival of women at the workplace. To adapt so that they are acceptable in a particular environment within an organization, women must transform their feminist behavior into certain masculine flows that isolate them in society or in the other context creates enormous pressure on them. Maintain a balance between work and life.
4. A patriarchal system:
The patriarchal system permeates all areas in developing countries. Male family members do not allow women to select this field first. If selected, they also face the patriarchal culture in their work environment, which undermines their skills and absorbs their voice.
5. Economic dependence:
This is also one of the main reasons since most women in developing countries do household chores; they rely heavily on their male members. This economic dependence not only their level of confidence, on the one hand, but also discourages them from displaying such intentions or wishes.
These are the more or less universal reasons that create obstacles to the way women participate in politics. To achieve the goal of gender equality and greater participation of women in politics, authorities must first understand the root causes for which they are responsible in a particular contextual context. Only then will corrective actions and measures work.